The country’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are on track to rise by 25 percent by 2050, according to a report by Environment Canada released Wednesday.
The agency’s report is based on the government’s target of cutting Canada’s emissions 25 per percent below 1990 levels by 2030.
The report notes that a reduction of five per cent is possible, which could help achieve the 2030 goal of cutting greenhouse gas intensity from 40 to 25 per tonne of CO2-equivalent.
“Canada has already reached the 2030 targets,” said Environment Canada spokesperson Michael Smith.
“We expect to achieve the remaining reduction by 2030.”
“We’re looking to reach the goal by 2050,” Smith added.
The federal government’s targets were outlined in its Climate Change Action Plan, which is expected to be released next week.
Smith said the agency is looking forward to meeting its 2020 target and the 2030 target in its 2020 report.
The 2020 report found that Canada’s CO2 emissions from the energy sector are projected to grow from 743 million tonnes of CO 2 equivalent (tCO2e) in 2020 to 1.5 trillion tCO2 in 2030.
Smith noted that the federal government has already cut CO2 intensity from 25 to 25,000 tCO 2e.
“What we are looking at in our report is the same thing that we have been looking at all along,” he said.
“It is to reduce the emissions from Canada’s energy sector.”
The report found Canada has already hit the 2020 target of reducing emissions by 17,000 tonnes of greenhouse gas per year.
Smith emphasized that the agency expects the target to be met by 2025.
“By the 2030s we’re aiming to have the emissions reduction achieved by 2020,” he added.
Environment Canada also noted that it will continue to increase the proportion of non-fossil fuel energy used in the electricity sector.
It said that it is increasing the share of nonhydro renewable energy to 20 per cent of generation by 2025 from 6 per cent currently.
“This will provide a much more diverse portfolio of renewable energy, providing a much higher share of renewable power than today,” Smith said.
The government has also increased the proportion in the power sector from 6 to 15 per cent.
The Energy Efficiency and Climate Leadership Plan, a plan released by the Canadian Alliance for Clean Coal Electricity, also says the sector will be growing by 25,600 tCO 3e by 2025, up from about 2,700 tCO3e in 2020.
The plan also predicts that the electricity generation sector will reach the 2020 goal of reducing GHG emissions from 5.6 million tonnes to 6.3 million tonnes by 2025 and the renewable energy sector by about 5.5 million tonnes from 7.1 million tonnes today to 11.6 millimetres by 2025 at an average rate of about 0.8 per cent per year, compared with the 2020 level of 0.5 per cent a year.
The goal was set at 8 million tonnes a year in 2020 and it was later lowered to 6 million tonnes in 2021.
The energy efficiency plan also says that Canada will have the lowest carbon intensity in the world by 2030, with an average of 5.3 millimetre per kilowatt hour.
The new report comes on the heels of the release of a report released by Energy Canada earlier this week, which found that energy efficiency and climate leadership is an important part of the country’s climate policy.
In the report, the agency said the energy efficiency target will help reduce emissions by 0.7 to 1 per cent, or between 0.3 and 0.4 per cent for each dollar of increase in the average rate for a year of electricity consumption.
“If the goal of 2030 is met, it will mean that Canadians will save an average 1.1 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide per year and increase the country to the 15th position globally,” Smith noted.
“The Energy Efficiency Leadership Plan also commits to reducing CO2 by 0 to 2 per cent below 1990s levels by 2020.”